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Kanchipuram is also spelled as Kanjeevarum, Kanjiwaram or Kanjivaram is traditionally woven silk from the village called Kanchipuram from Tamil Nadu, India. It Has been years now, Kanchipuram sarees have dominated the world of South Indian sarees. The shine and durability of the fabric have made these Sarees popular attire among women across the world.
The rich quality combined with an amazing finish make them last longer. The shine and durability of the fabric have made these Sarees popular attire among women across the world, with rich quality combined with an amazing work.
Origin & History
The king of the Chola dynasty ruled Kanchipuram between the years 985-1014, who took the initiative of silk trade. It was during the reign of Krishna-Deva Raya, when the famous weaving communities of Andhra Pradesh. The occurred the historical migration of the entire silk industry in the 15th century. The two weaving communities were exclusively acknowledged for their skills at weaving silk. The weaving industry was temporarily halted during the French invasion in the 17th century. It rejuvenated and revamped its style in the 18th century.
Now, it ranks among the most popular silks in the world. Very few stand out in the competition against Kanchipuram silks. The British translated the Kanchipuram silks to Kanjeevarum silks.
Kanchipuram or Kanjivaram sarees have created the main occupation for several in the city of Kanchipuram. The silk bears the images of all the scriptures embossed on the walls of the temples of the Kanchipuram village. This fabric is an inherent part of several traditional and religious ceremonies.
Over many decades, Kanchipuram silk has been evolving in terms of design and pattern but hasn’t lost its charm. Initially it was sold across the world by only merchants, today the real weavers have woken up to their own cooperative societies to sell their woven Kanchipuram silk.
Kanchipuram silk sarees are woven from pure mulberry silk. While the silk belongs to South India, the pure gold and silver zari comes from Gujarat. The silk thread that is used to weave the saree is dipped in rice water and sun-dried before it is used in order to increase both, its thickness and stiffness. The silk thread is then interlocked with a thin silver wire and woven through after which a golden thread is used to complete the procedure.
The warp frame use to weave this fabric has about 60 holes, in which there are 240 threads in the warp and 250 to 3000 threads in the weft, giving it a sturdy feel. The pallu, the border and the body of the saree are generally woven separately, and then interlocked together with much precision and neatness.
Kanchipuram silk sarees were initially a nine-yard weave but over the years the more practical six-yard weave was included too.
The original golden and silver zari is also now replaced by a cost effective metal or copper zari that manages to hold on to the sheen of the texture while reducing the cost. However, if you want an original you need to ensure that the zari work is not artificial.
Tips to Maintain your Saree
Dry cleaning is the most preferred method to maintain the saree. However, if you do have to wash the saree at home avoid using soap during the first three washes. A rinse in cold water is more than enough. It is advisable to store the saree separately in a plastic or saree bag.